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Role of liver AMPK and GCN2 kinases in the control of postprandial protein metabolism in response to mid-term high or low protein intake in mice

Abstract : Purpose Protein synthesis and proteolysis are known to be controlled through mammalian target of rapamycin, AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) and general control non-derepressible 2 (GCN2) pathways, depending on the nutritional condition. This study aimed at investigating the contribution of liver AMPK and GCN2 on the adaptation to high variations in protein intake. Methods To evaluate the answer of protein pathways to high- or low-protein diet, male wild-type mice and genetically modified mice from C57BL/6 background with liver-specific AMPK- or GCN2-knockout were fed from day 25 diets differing in their protein level as energy: LP (5%), NP (14%) and HP (54%). Two hours after a 1 g test meal, protein synthesis rate was measured after a C-13 valine flooding dose. The gene expression of key enzymes involved in proteolysis and GNC2 signaling pathway were quantified. Results The HP diet but not the LP diet was associated with a decrease in fractional synthesis rate by 29% in the liver compared to NP diet. The expression of mRNA encoding ubiquitin and Cathepsin D was not sensitive to the protein content. The deletion of AMPK or GCN2 in the liver did not affect nor protein synthesis rates and neither proteolysis markers in the liver or in the muscle, whatever the protein intake. In the postprandial state, protein level alters protein synthesis in the liver but not in the muscle. Conclusions Taken together, these results suggest that liver AMPK and GCN2 are not involved in this adaptation to high- and low-protein diet observed in the postprandial period.
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https://hal-agroparistech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03811141
Contributor : Dalila Azzout-Marniche Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 11, 2022 - 4:43:15 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 4, 2022 - 3:30:08 AM

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Tristan Chalvon-Demersay, Claire Gaudichon, Joanna Moro, Patrick Even, Nadezda Khodorova, et al.. Role of liver AMPK and GCN2 kinases in the control of postprandial protein metabolism in response to mid-term high or low protein intake in mice. European Journal of Nutrition, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s00394-022-02983-z⟩. ⟨hal-03811141⟩

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