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Time course of fractional gluconeogenesis after meat ingestion in healthy adults: a D 2 O study

Abstract : In the postprandial state, glucose homeostasis is challenged by macronutrient intake, including proteins that trigger insulin secretion and provide glucose precursors. However, little is known about the postprandial response of gluconeogenesis to a protein meal. We aimed to quantify the evolution of fractional gluconeogenesis after a meat meal. Thirteen healthy subjects received oral doses of D2O. After fasting overnight, they ingested a steak (120 g). Glycemia, insulinemia, and 2H enrichments in glucose and plasma water were measured for 8 h after the meal. Fractional gluconeogenesis was assessed using the average method. Glucose was stable for 5 h and then decreased. There was a slight increase of insulin 1 h after the meal. 2H enrichment in the carbon 5 position of glucose (C5) increased after 2 h, whereas it decreased in plasma water. Consequently, fractional gluconeogenesis increased from 68.2 ± 7.2% before the meal to 75.5 ± 5.8% 8 h after the meal, the latter corresponding to 22 h without a glucose supply. These values are consistent with the exhaustion of glycogen stores after 24 h but represent the highest among values in the literature. The impact of methodological conditions is discussed.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 9:48:34 PM
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Claire C. Gaudichon, Hai-Yen Ta, Nadezda N. Khodorova, Marion Oberli, Isabelle Breton, et al.. Time course of fractional gluconeogenesis after meat ingestion in healthy adults: a D 2 O study. AJP - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2018, 315 (4), pp.E454-E459. ⟨10.1152/ajpendo.00157.2018⟩. ⟨hal-02371420⟩



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