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Antennal gustatory perception and behavioural responses in Trissolcus brochymenae females

Abstract : Trissolcus brochymenae (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) is an egg parasitoid that could be used to control stink bugs like Murgantia histrionica (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), a pest of brassicaceous crops. Before laying their eggs, parasitoid females spend considerable time examining the substrate with their antennae, which are also used during feeding and mating behaviours. This suggests that contact chemoreception plays a prominent role in many aspects of parasitoid ecology. Therefore, we examined the sensitivity of antennal taste sensilla chaetica to several classical tastants including those that are appetitive or aversive. In addition we studied the taste preferences of wasps when presented with these chemicals alone or mixed. The sensilla chaetica of T. brochymenae responded to serial concentrations of sucrose, salts, and quinine, but no concentration-dependent effect was observed when testing sinigrin, a secondary metabolite found in many brassicaceae. However, both sinigrin and quinine inhibited responses to 0.1 M sucrose when mixed with this sugar. Behavioural taste preference assays confirmed that wasps showed a dose dependent preference for sucrose over agarose. In addition, a behavioural avoidance of sucrose solutions containing quinine was observed. This effect was not observed when sinigrin was used as a feeding deterrent. In the two-choice tests the wasp did not discriminate between sucrose solutions mixed with salts and sucrose alone. Further no preference for salts or sinigrin compared to agarose alone was observed. This work represents the first step towards the identification of gustatory receptor neurons implicated in the detection of different types of chemical cues in egg parasitoids. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 22, 2017 - 12:54:11 PM
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Alessia Iacovone, Gianandrea Salerno, Alice Sarah French, Eric Conti, Frederic Marion-Poll. Antennal gustatory perception and behavioural responses in Trissolcus brochymenae females. Journal of Insect Physiology, Elsevier, 2015, 78, pp.15-25. ⟨10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.04.013⟩. ⟨hal-01544976⟩



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