AgroParisTech is involved in 24 joint research units and 1 research and development unit.

The joint research units are managed in partnership with various world leading organisations, higher education schools and universities.

AgroParisTech main partners include French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture (Irstea), and French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (Cirad).

Besides, some AgroParisTech scientists are involved in other units due to their specific area of research.

HAL-AgroParisTech brings together these teams' and researchers' scientific output.

 

Joint Research Units

 

 

 

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Agronomie

 (Agronomy)

The mission of the Agronomie research unit is to contribute, through its research and teaching activities, to the production of knowledge and methods to design and assess cropping systems that meet the challenges of sustainable development.

 

The work carried out in the laboratory aims in particular to develop cropping systems that respond to di­fferent objectives: reducing their dependency on synthetic inputs, reducing their negative impacts on the environment, enabling a satisfactory economic profitability, reducing the use of fossil fuels and allowing the production of diverse products (particularly for food and energy use).

 

In order to achieve this, the unit analyses the process of biological regulations, develops methods and tools for the design and the evaluation of innovative cropping systems, analyses the relationship between the spatial organisation of cropping systems and pests (weeds insects, pathogens), and evaluates the performance of cropping systems at a global level. The work of the unit makes use of the analysis of cropping systems, both past and present, as well as the design of new systems.

 

The scale of research work comprises the field, the region, the country and the world.

 

 

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Bioger (Biologie et gestion des risques en agriculture)

(Biology, Agricultural Risk Management)

 

The BIOGER unit develops research projects which aim to better understand pathogenic plant fungi which are one of the major constraints on agricultural production (cereal crops, oil seed crops and vines). The research concentrates on both the biology of the fungi and their infectious mechanisms, and their evolving dynamics, epidemics and impact on production and the quality of harvests. The pluridisciplinary approach of BIOGER enables the unit to develop reciprocal research from the field to the gene. The study carried out at BIOGER also designs and manages methods to combat disease, taking into account the knowledge we have on plant/pathogen interactions, the epidemiological dynamics and the evolution of fungi population.

                                                                                                                                                             

 

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Cired (Centre international de recherche sur l’environnement et le développement)

(Centre for International Research on Environment and Development)

 

Check out Cired's research

 

CIRED was founded in 1971 by Dr. Ignacy Sachs in reaction to the Club of Rome thesis on the limits to growth. CIRED’s mission was and still is to explore strategies that articulate environment and development goals - “sustainable development” as we call it today.

CIRED analyses these strategies at the global level, at the level of regions/countries, and in key sectors: energy, cities and land-use. CIRED research also explores how sustainable development policies are debated in the presence of scientific controversies, and revisits the role of economic analysis in this context. CIRED research relies on a constant dialogue between social sciences, earth sciences, natural sciences and engineering sciences. CIRED is one of the leading contributor to the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) with four authors and 105 di­fferent publications referenced in the 5th Report.

Major international partners of CIRED include the Postdam Institut für Klimafolgenforschung (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany), the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Austria), the Universidad Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (India) and Resources for the Future (USA).

 

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Ecofog (Ecologie des forêts de Guyane)

(Ecology of Guiana Forests)

 

Check out ECOFOG's research

 

The ÉCOFOG unit is concerned with tropical ecology in the widest sense. The project of the unit is to integrate di­fferent approaches in ecology and material science to:

 

- understand the relationships between biodiversity and the functioning of evolving tropical forest ecosystems, whether cultivated or not, as a result of climate and anthropic changes;

 

- encourage innovation in the valorisation of forest resources within the context of this important biodiversity, but taking into account the constraints of usage linked to the humid, tropical environment. The research work of the unit brings together primarily the following academic disciplines: community ecology, genetic ecology, functional ecology, microbiology, botany.

 


                                                                                                                  
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UMR Economie Publique

Economie publique

(Public Economics)

 

The research work carried out at the Économie publique research unit is concerned with public and environmental political policies in the agricultural and the food industry and international trade.

 

The aim of the unit is to develop analytical methods, simulations and tools for reflection that can be used not only by public decision makers on economic policies but also by the public at large. As a result of its research conclusions, the unit hopes to highlight the important issues within society regarding agriculture and the environment.

                           

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Ecosys (Ecologie fonctionnelle et écotoxicologie des agroécosystèmes)

(Functional Ecology and Ecotoxicology of Agroecosystems)

 

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The ÉCOSYS Joint Research Unit is the result of the merger between the Environnement et grandes cultures (Environment and Arable Crops) unit and the Physicochimie et écotoxicologie des sols d’agrosystèmes contaminés (Physical Chemistry and Ecotoxicology of the Soil of Contaminated Agrosystems) unit, which were active up to 2014. The ÉCOSYS unit aims to treat in an integrated way the functioning of agroecosystems and their relationship with the environment.

 

Agroecosystems are created as a result of external constraints and drivers and internal ones.These drivers can directly impact on agroecosystems, but more often, the impacts are caused by the farmers’ practices (nitrogenous fertilizers, pesticides, organic amendments, waste products, soil tillage,...) which allow the farmer to alleviate or bypass constraints in order to maintain production objectives.

 

To understand this functioning, the ÉCOSYS unit works with concepts of functional ecology and ecotoxicology, taking into account the flux of matter and energy and the functions of isolated organisms and the interaction with their environment.

                                                    

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ESE (Ecologie, systématique et évolution)

(Ecology, Systematics and Evolution)

 

The scientific activity of the ESE unit covers a wide range of fundamental and applied research in ecology and evolution, including evolution and phylogeny of plants and microorganisms, genetics and dynamics of populations, ecology of communities, conservation ecology, ecotoxicology, functional ecology and plant ecophysiology.

 

One of the main research objectives of the ESE unit is to study the evolution and the dynamics of biodiversity, the evolution and functioning of ecosystems and their interactions with society.

 

These include the responses of ecosystems and the species that comprise them to environmental changes, both anthropic and natural.These activities rely on the synergy between observations in situ, experimentation and mathematical modelling as tools for understanding, synthesis and prediction.

                                                                                        

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G-eau (Gestion de l’eau, acteurs, usages)

(Water Resource Management, Actors and Uses)

 

The G-EAU unit is concerned with the adaptive management of water, aquatic environments and their uses. The research work of the unit uses an interdisciplinary approach and aims to explore the di­fferent components within the dynamics of socio-hydrosystems and their interactions.

 

The final outcome is to comprehend possible evolutions taking into account exogenic factors (climate change, social issues, demographics...) or technical or institutional innovations (technology, infrastructure, regulations, adaptation policies...).

 

The unit also aims to better understand these di­fferent dynamics and to develop innovative solutions that influence public policy.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Gabi (Génétique animale et biologie intégrative)

(Animal Genetics and Integrative Biology)

The scientific orientations of GABI aim at better understanding the basis of genetic variability and biological functions and at developing methods and tools for the genetic improvement and conservation of animal populations.

 

Research activities rely on interdisciplinary competencies in genetics, genomics, biostatistics and biology and range from gaining new knowledge to applying innovative methodology and transferring knowledge in the field.

 

The unit hosts researchers from its two supervising institutions, INRA and AgroParisTech, as well as from the Commissariat à l’énergie atomique (CEA - French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission), École nationale vétérinaire d’Alfort (ENVA - Alfort Veterinary School) and several technical organisations, in particular the Institut de l’élevage (French Livestock Institute), UNCEIA (a professional institute for breeding) and the Institut français du cheval et de l’équitation (French Horse and Riding Institute)

 

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Génétique quantitative et évolution - Le Moulon

(Quantitative Genetics and Evolution - Le Moulon)

 

The "Génétique quantitative et evolution – Le Moulon" (GQE-Le Moulon) Joint Research Unit leads research on genetics/genomics and evolution of complex traits (multifactorial genetics).

 

The projects give priority to integrative biology, from gene and metabolic networks to populations or varieties studied in the field under various agronomic conditions. The objectives of the unit are:

 

- Generating knowledge in fundamental multifactorial genetics, in the areas of modelling of quantitative variation, evolution of quantitative traits, search for gene of quantitative trait and dynamics of genetic resources;

 

- Optimising selection methods by combining genomics approaches and exploitation of genetic resources. The targeted traits are involved in growth, development and adaptation.

 


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GENIAL (Ingénierie, procédés, aliments)

(Food, Process, Engineering)

The food industry is faced with major issues around competitiveness. The current major challenges are to guarantee food security (feed populations), food sanitary quality (ensuring that food is chemically and biologically healthy) and nutritional (safeguarding the fair access to nutrients).The GÉNIAL unit studies the complete life cycle, from raw materials to their uses and consumption. The unit concentrates on the products, including the rational concept of the balance between all the di­fferent properties (sensory, sanitary, nutritional and technological) and also the procedures (under control, innovative and ecologically conceived)


 

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GMPA (Génie et microbiologie des procédés alimentaires)

(Microbiology and Food Process Engineering)

The GMPA Joint Research Unit’s mission is that of research and teaching in the field of engineering of the transformation of agricultural, food and biological products.

 

The research concentrates on the management of the physical and biological processes that control the transformations, from the bioprocesses to the human being (digestion), with the aim of producing knowledge and tools that contribute to the elaboration of quality products (sensory, nutritional, safe and environmental).

 

Its activities cover the acquisition of knowledge of cheese microbial ecosystems, processes of food fermentation and the improvement of fractioning and stabilising.

 

The research extends to the automation of bioprocesses, including the development of prototypes, tools for measuring through modelling and the integration of di­fferent types of knowledge.

 

The systemic mechanisms of the breakdown of food in the mouth and in the digestive system are an integral part of the operations of transformations studied.The method used relies on the use of both experimentation and modelling with the aim of integrating knowledge, from the basic operations to the combination of all the processes involved.


 

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IJPB (Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin)

 (Jean-Pierre Bourgin Institute)

 

The IJPB unit brings together a unique set of resources and competencies in biology, chemistry and mathematics dedicated to the study of plants.

 

It covers a wide sphere of activities, which range from fundamental research work on the development and physiology of plants to targeted research on both the food and nonfood use of plant products in the context of sustainable development.

 

The research groups of the unit are particularly concerned with the evolution and functioning of genomes, how plants respond to the stress they are subjected to from their environment, the diverse aspects of current plant biology, from the cell to the whole plant (development, physiology and metabolism) as well as the characterisation of the diverse molecules that originate from plants (cellulose, lignins, lipids) and their industrial uses.

 

 

 

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Leesu (Laboratoire eau, environnement et systèmes urbains)

(Water, The Environment and Urban Systems Laboratory)

 

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The research work at LEESU focuses on urban water from di­fferent angles: the physical and hydrological aspects through the study of the rain water cycle, the biogeochemical aspects with the study of chemical contaminants, the microbiological aspects with the study of drainage basins and their impact on the receiving environment, and the socio-technical aspects, with the study of water policies and uses and their evolution in urban environments.

 

LEESU develops applied and implicated research. Its research work is linked to societal issues, primarily with the today’s issues of the implementation of sustainable development policies and their impact on the water sector.

 

These policies are mostly influenced by the adaptation to climate change. With this dual perspective in mind, LEESU anchors its activities within close and sustainable operational partnerships with local authorities in the Paris region and with large water companies.        

 

 

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Lef (Laboratoire d’économie forestière)

(Laboratory of Forest Economics)

 

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The LEF is the only laboratory in France whose research on the economics of environment and natural resources is focused primarily on forestry and the wood sector. The mission of LEF is to design, develop and transfer methods and economic analytical tools in order to understand and improve the knowledge, management and use of forest goods and services.

 

This research takes into account the spatial dimension, the risks and the uncertainty of activities linked to forestry within the context of global change. The laboratory uses microeconomic and econometric analysis of the production and demand of forest goods and services, but also a macroeconomic approach to the sector as well as an economic observatory of the French forest sector.

                                                                                                   

 

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Lerfob (Laboratoire d’études des ressources forêt-bois)

(Forest and Wood Resources Laboratory)

 

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In the context of climate change and the increasing constraints on the multifunctionality of agriculture and forestry, the LERFOB unit develops research on the ecological dynamics of forest resources, bringing together di­fferent disciplines (the ecology of species and plant communities, modelling and simulation of the growth and the production of forest populations, the biomechanics of wood, plant architecture, and statistical analysis).

 

The research is mainly directed towards public decision making and the management of natural and cultivated resources and spaces, in relation to the training of forest professionals with a strong component of research and development.

 

 

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