No matter how much space and light are available, radial growth distribution in Fagus sylvatica L. trees is under strong biomechanical control - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Annals of Forest Science Year : 2022

No matter how much space and light are available, radial growth distribution in Fagus sylvatica L. trees is under strong biomechanical control

(1) , (1) , (1) , (1) , (1) , (1)
1

Abstract

Key message This study presents the first attempt to quantify how the thigmomorphogenetic syndrome is involved in Fagus sylvatica L. tree growth responses to thinning. An experimental design preventing mechanosensing in half of the trees demonstrated that radial growth distribution in roots and along the tree stem is under strong biomechanical control. Context Studies on the mechanosensitive control of growth under real forest conditions are rare and those existing to date all deal with conifer species. In the current context of global changes, it is important to disentangle how different biotic and abiotic factors affect tree growth. Aims Whereas growth changes after thinning are usually interpreted as responses to decreased competition for resources, this study investigates the importance of how mechanosensing controls growth distribution inside the tree. Methods In an even-aged beech stand, 40 pole-sized trees (size class at first thinning) were selected, half of the plot was thinned and, within each sub-plot (thinned and unthinned), half of the tree were guy-wired in order to remove mechanical stimulations to the lower part of the stem. Four years later, all trees were felled and volume increment, ring width distribution along the tree height, and the largest ring width of the structural roots were measured. The effect of mechanical stimulation in the two treatments (thinned and unthinned) was assessed. Results Removal of mechanical stimulation decreased the volume increment in the lower part of the stem as well as radial root growth but did not affect axial growth. When mechanical strain was removed, the ring width distribution along the stem height changed drastically to an ice-cream cone-like distribution, indicating a strong mechanosensitive control of tree shape. Conclusion In a forest stand, the growth allocation inside the tree is under strong mechanical control. Mechanical stimulations explain more than 50% of the increment stimulated by thinning, whatever the growth indicator. A further challenge is to better understand how cambial cells perceive strains during growth in order to integrate mechanosensing into process-based tree-growth modeling.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
No_matter_how_much_space_and_light_are_available_r.pdf (1.35 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-03888147 , version 1 (07-12-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Joel Hans Dongmo Keumo Jiazet, Jana Dlouha, Meriem Fournier, Bruno Moulia, François Ningre, et al.. No matter how much space and light are available, radial growth distribution in Fagus sylvatica L. trees is under strong biomechanical control. Annals of Forest Science, 2022, 79 (1), pp.44. ⟨10.1186/s13595-022-01162-8⟩. ⟨hal-03888147⟩
0 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More