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Molecular Genetic Analysis with Microsatellite-like Loci Reveals Specific Dairy-Associated and Environmental Populations of the Yeast Geotrichum candidum

Abstract : Geotrichum candidum is an environmental yeast, also found as part of the cheese surface microbiota, where it is important in the ripening of many traditional cheeses, such as Camembert. We have previously developed a Multi Locus Sequence Typing (MLST) scheme, which differentiated five clades, of which one contained only environmental isolates, two were composed almost entirely of dairy isolates, and two others contained a mixture of dairy, environmental, and miscellaneous food isolates. In order to provide a simple method to uniquely type G. candidum strains, and in addition to permit investigation of the population structure at a fine level, we describe here a molecular analysis using a set of twelve highly discriminating microsatellite-like markers. The present study consolidates the previously suggested division between dairy and environmental strains, and in addition distinguishes a specifically European group of environmental strains. This analysis permitted the discrimination of 72 genotypes from the collection of 80 isolates, while retaining the underlying meaningful phylogenetic relation between groups of strains.
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Contributor : Colin Tinsley Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 1:27:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 18, 2022 - 3:06:03 PM

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Colin Tinsley, Noémie Jacques, Marine Lucas, Cécile Grondin, Jean-Luc Legras, et al.. Molecular Genetic Analysis with Microsatellite-like Loci Reveals Specific Dairy-Associated and Environmental Populations of the Yeast Geotrichum candidum. Microorganisms, MDPI, 2022, 10 (1), pp.103. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms10010103⟩. ⟨hal-03664875⟩

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