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Journal Articles Biochimie Year : 2016

Lipid droplet mobilization: The different ways to loosen the purse strings

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Abstract

Cytosolic lipid droplets are dynamic lipid-storage organelles that play a crucial role as reservoirs of metabolic energy and membrane precursors. These organelles are present in virtually all cell types, from unicellular to pluricellular organisms. Despite similar structural organization, lipid droplets are heterogeneous in morphology, distribution and composition. The protein repertoire associated to lipid droplet controls the organelle dynamics. Distinct structural lipid droplet proteins are associated to specific lipolytic pathways. The role of these structural lipid droplet-associated proteins in the control of lipid droplet degradation and lipid store mobilization is discussed. The control of the strictly-regulated lipolysis in lipid-storing tissues is compared between mammals and plants. Differences in the cellular regulation of lipolysis between lipid-storing tissues and other cell types are also discussed.
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Sabine D’andrea. Lipid droplet mobilization: The different ways to loosen the purse strings. Biochimie, 2016, 120, pp.17-27. ⟨10.1016/j.biochi.2015.07.010⟩. ⟨hal-03659019⟩
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