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Which pitfall traps and sampling effort to choose to evaluate cropping system effects on spider and carabid assemblages?

Abstract : In arable agroecosystems, arthropod communities often have a reduced abundance and diversity, which represents a challenge for sampling techniques needed to detect small differences among these simplified communities. We evaluated the suitability of pitfall traps for comparing the effects of cropping systems on arthropod communities. In a field experiment, we compared the effects of two pitfall trap diameters, the type of preserving fluid and the sampling effort on three metrics (activity-density, taxonomic richness and community weighted mean [CWM] of body size) for carabids and spiders. Trap size affected the observed composition of communities, with large traps yielding a higher proportion of spiders, and a higher richness and CWM body size for both taxa. The type of preserving fluid had a weaker effect. Simulations with various sampling efforts showed that only very different communities could be distinguished with less than ten traps per field or less than 30 field replicates. Fewer traps were required to find differences between cropping systems for body size than for other metrics. Carabid activity-density and body size, and spider genus richness, were the variables better distinguishing between cropping systems with the smallest sampling effort. A high sampling effort was required for comparing activity-density and richness across cropping systems. Selection of the most appropriate trap design, metrics and crops are the main factors for optimizing the trade-off between sampling effort and the ability to detect arthropod community responses to habitat management.
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https://hal-agroparistech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03328550
Contributor : Antoine Gardarin <>
Submitted on : Monday, August 30, 2021 - 10:56:10 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 2:42:57 PM

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Antoine Gardarin, Muriel Valantin-Morison. Which pitfall traps and sampling effort to choose to evaluate cropping system effects on spider and carabid assemblages?. Environmental Entomology, Entomological Society of America, 2021, 50, pp.256 - 266. ⟨10.1093/ee/nvaa145⟩. ⟨hal-03328550⟩

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