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Journal Articles Bioinformatics Year : 2021

A variable selection approach for highly correlated predictors in high-dimensional genomic data

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Abstract

In genomic studies, identifying biomarkers associated with a variable of interest is a major concern in biomedical research. Regularized approaches are classically used to perform variable selection in high-dimensional linear models. However, these methods can fail in highly correlated settings. We propose a novel variable selection approach called WLasso, taking these correlations into account. It consists in rewriting the initial high-dimensional linear model to remove the correlation between the biomarkers (predictors) and in applying the generalized Lasso criterion. The performance of WLasso is assessed using synthetic data in several scenarios and compared with recent alternative approaches. The results show that when the biomarkers are highly correlated, WLasso outperforms the other approaches in sparse high-dimensional frameworks. The method is also illustrated on publicly available gene expression data in breast cancer. Our method is implemented in the WLasso R package which is available from the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN).
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hal-02904344 , version 1 (14-04-2022)

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Wencan Zhu, Céline Lévy-Leduc, Nils Ternes. A variable selection approach for highly correlated predictors in high-dimensional genomic data. Bioinformatics, 2021, 37 (16), pp.2238-2244. ⟨10.1093/bioinformatics/btab114⟩. ⟨hal-02904344⟩
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