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15N and ²H Intrinsic Labeling Demonstrate That Real Digestibility in Rats of Proteins and Amino Acids from Sunflower Protein Isolate Is Almost as High as That of Goat Whey

Abstract : ABSTRACT Background In the context of developing plant protein sources for humans, sunflower is a good candidate in its form as an oilseed coproduct. Objectives We aimed to compare the real digestibility in rats of a sunflower isolate to that of goat whey protein. We also studied the efficiency of 15N and 2H intrinsic labeling in this assessment. Methods Sunflower seeds and goat milk were labeled with 15N and 2H. Male Wistar rats (10 wk old) were fed a meal containing 12% of either sunflower isolate (n = 8) or whey (n = 8). Six hours after meal ingestion, protein and amino acid digestibility were assessed by measuring nitrogen, hydrogen, and amino acids in the digesta, as well as isotope enrichments in the bulk and individual amino acids. The differences between groups and isotopes were respectively tested with an unpaired and a paired t test. Results Protein isolate purity was 87% for whey and 94% for sunflower. 2H and 15N enrichments were, respectively, 0.12 atom % (AP) and 1.06 AP in sunflower isolate and 0.18 AP and 0.95 AP in whey. Fecal 15N protein digestibility was 97.2 ± 0.2% for whey and 95.1 ± 0.5% for sunflower isolate. The use of 2H resulted in a lower digestibility estimate than 15N for whey (96.9 ± 0.2%, P < 0.05) and sunflower (94.2 ± 0.5%, P < 0.01). For both isotopes, protein digestibility was about 2% higher for whey than for sunflower isolate. Mean 15N amino acid caecal digestibility was 97.5 ± 0.2% for whey and 96.3 ± 0.2% for sunflower isolate. The values obtained with 15N and 2H resulted in significant differences ranging from −0.1% to 3.5%. The DIAAS was >1.0 for whey and 0.84 for sunflower (lysine). Conclusions The protein and amino acid digestibility of sunflower isolate was high but its DIAAS reflected a moderate lysine imbalance. Despite slight differences with 15N, deuterium produced comparable results, making it suitable for in vivo digestion studies.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 11:52:33 AM
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Romain Tessier, Nadezda Khodorova, Juliane Calvez, Romain Kapel, Alain Quinsac, et al.. 15N and ²H Intrinsic Labeling Demonstrate That Real Digestibility in Rats of Proteins and Amino Acids from Sunflower Protein Isolate Is Almost as High as That of Goat Whey. Journal of Nutrition, American Society for Nutrition, 2019, ⟨10.1093/jn/nxz279⟩. ⟨hal-02436666⟩

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