W. A. Brock and M. S. Taylor, The green solow model, Journal of Economic Growth, vol.15, issue.2, pp.127-153, 2010.

C. Brunel, Pollution offshoring and emission reductions in eu and us manufacturing, Environmental and Resource Economics, vol.68, issue.3, pp.621-641, 2017.

C. Brunel and A. Levinson, Measuring the Stringency of Environmental Regulations, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, vol.10, issue.1, pp.47-67, 2016.

A. Bruvoll and H. Medin, Factors behind the environmental kuznets curve. a decomposition of the changes in air pollution, Environmental and Resource Economics, vol.24, issue.1, pp.27-48, 2003.

R. T. Carson, The environmental kuznets curve: seeking empirical regularity and theoretical structure, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, vol.4, issue.1, pp.3-23, 2010.

W. Chen, Is the green solow model valid for co2 emissions in the european union?, Environmental and Resource Economics, vol.67, issue.1, pp.23-45, 2017.

B. R. Copeland and M. S. Taylor, Trade, growth, and the environment, Journal of Economic Literature, vol.42, issue.1, pp.7-71, 2004.

C. O. Criado, S. Valente, and T. Stengos, Growth and pollution convergence: Theory and evidence, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, vol.62, issue.2, pp.199-214, 2011.

G. M. Grossman and A. B. Krueger, Environmental impacts of a north american free trade agreement, 1991.

G. M. Grossman and A. B. Krueger, Economic growth and the environment, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.110, issue.2, pp.353-377, 1995.

B. Herrendorf, R. Rogerson, and A. Valentinyi, Chapter 6 -Growth and Structural Transformation, Handbook of Economic Growth, vol.2, pp.855-941, 2014.

A. Levinson, Technology, international trade, and pollution from us manufacturing, The American Economic Review, vol.99, issue.5, pp.2177-2192, 2009.

S. Marsiglio, A. Ansuategi, and M. C. Gallastegui, The environmental kuznets curve and the structural change hypothesis, Environmental and resource economics, vol.63, issue.2, pp.265-288, 2016.

L. R. Ngai and C. A. Pissarides, Structural change in a multisector model of growth, American Economic Review, vol.97, issue.1, pp.429-443, 2007.

D. Rodrik, Premature deindustrialization, Journal of Economic Growth, vol.21, issue.1, pp.1-33, 2016.

T. M. Selden, A. S. Forrest, and J. E. Lockhart, Analyzing the reductions in us air pollution emissions: 1970 to 1990, Land Economics, pp.1-21, 1999.

J. S. Shapiro and R. Walker, Why is pollution from us manufacturing declining? the roles of environmental regulation, productivity, and trade, American Economic Review, vol.108, issue.12, pp.3814-54, 2018.

R. Stefanski, On the mechanics of the green solow model. Manuscript. Laval University, 2013.

R. Stefanski, Structural transformation and the oil price, Review of Economic Dynamics, vol.17, issue.3, pp.484-504, 2014.

D. I. Stern, The rise and fall of the environmental kuznets curve, World development, vol.32, issue.8, pp.1419-1439, 2004.

T. ?wi?cki, Determinants of structural change, Review of Economic Dynamics, vol.24, pp.95-131, 2017.

M. Timmer, G. De-vries, and K. De-vries, Routledge Handbooks. Routledge. energy and material saving are only included to the extent that they mainly aim at environmental protection, Patterns of structural Change in Developing Countries, pp.65-83, 2015.

?. Gdp and . Capita, dollars): gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources

?. Investment, Share of PPP Converted GDP Per Capita at 2005 constant price (%), Source: Penn World Table

, Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship, ? Population growth

, ? Value added per sector (% of GDP): Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3

, Following ILO classification and ISIC-Rev. 4, sector assignments in Figure 3 are: ? Agriculture: ISIC section A with Agriculture, forestry and fishing. ? Industry: sum of ISIC sections B-F

, ? Services: sum of ISIC sections G-S

, List of countries in regressions of Table, vol.4