Humusica 1, article 5: Terrestrial humus systems and forms ‒ Keys of classification of humus systems and forms

Augusto Zanella 1, * Jean-François Ponge 2 Bernard Jabiol 3 Giacomo Sartori 4 Ekart Kolb 5 Renée-Claire Le Bayon 6 Jean-Michel Gobat 7 Michaël Aubert 8 Rein De Waal 9 Bas Van Delft 9 Andrea Vacca 10 Gianluca Serra Silvia Chersich 11 Anna Andreetta 12 Raimo Kõlli 13 Jean Jacques Brun 14 Nathalie Cools 15 Michael Englisch 16 Herbert Hager 17 Klaus Katzensteiner 17 Alain Brêthes 18 Cristina De Nicola 19 Anna Testi 19 Nicolas Bernier 20 Ulfert Graefe 21 Ugo Wolf 22 Jérôme Juilleret 23 Adriano Garlato 24 Silvia Obber 24 Paola Galvan 11 Roberto Zampedri 25 Lorenzo Frizzera 26 Mauro Tomasi Damien Banas 27 Fabrice Bureau 8 Dylan Tatti Sandrine Salmon 28 Roberto Menardi 29 Fausto Fontanella 29 Vinicio Carraro 29 Diego Pizzeghello 29 Giuseppe Concheri 29 Andrea Squartini 29 Dina Cattaneo 29 Linda Scattolin 11 Serenella Nardi 29 Gianni Nicolini 30 Franco Viola 1
Abstract : This article is an as simple as possible key of classification of terrestrial (aerobic, not submerged) topsoils (organic and organic-mineral series of soil horizons). Based on the introduction exposed in Humusica 1, article 1, and using vocabulary and definitions listed in article 4, a classification is proposed for better understanding the biological functioning of the soil, partially disclosing the process of litter digestion. Five types of terrestrial topsoils, called terrestrial humus systems, are described and illustrated with the help of photographs. Within each humus system, 3–4 humus forms are also revealed, corresponding to similar series of soil horizons generated in a relatively homogeneous environment whose range of ecological factors is not so large to overstep and cause the genesis of another different humus system. The article ends with a figure that shows the relationship between Tangel and Amphi humus systems, and a dichotomous key of classification that one can easily print and bring in the field for practicing humus classification.
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Soumis le : jeudi 7 décembre 2017 - 18:39:38
Dernière modification le : mercredi 28 novembre 2018 - 14:48:22


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Augusto Zanella, Jean-François Ponge, Bernard Jabiol, Giacomo Sartori, Ekart Kolb, et al.. Humusica 1, article 5: Terrestrial humus systems and forms ‒ Keys of classification of humus systems and forms. Applied Soil Ecology, Elsevier, 2018, 122 (Part 1), pp.75-86. 〈10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.06.012〉. 〈hal-01658808〉



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