Identification of behavioral and metabolic factors predicting adiposity sensitivity to both high fat and high carbohydrate diets in rats

Abstract : Individuals exhibit a great variation in their body weight (BW) gain response to a high fat diet. Identification of predictive factors would enable better directed intervention toward susceptible individuals to treat obesity, and uncover potential mechanisms for treatment targeting. We set out to identify predictive behavioral and metabolic factors in an outbred rat model. 12 rats were analyzed in metabolic cages for a period of 5 days during both high carbohydrate diet (HCD), and transition to a high fat diet (HFD). After a recovery period, rats were given a HFD for 6 days to identify those resistant or sensitive to it according to BW gain. Rats were dissected at the end of the study to analyze body composition. This showed that small differences in final BW hid large variations in adiposity, allowing separation of rats into a second classification (final adiposity). Since these rats had been fed a HCD during most of their life, under which most of the adiposity presumably evolved, we considered this carbohydrate-sensitivity or -resistance. Meal size and meal number were found to be good predictors of sensitivity to a HFD, intensity of motor activity and ingestion speed good predictors of sensitivity to a HCD. Rats that were sensitive to the HCD could be resistant to the HFD and vice versa. This points to four types of individuals (carbohydrate/fat resistant/sensitive) though our sample size inhibited deeper investigation of this. This contributes to the idea that to be "obesity prone" does not necessarily need a HFD, it can also happen under a HCD, and be a hidden adiposity change with stable BW.
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https://hal-agroparistech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01611421
Contributeur : Dalila Azzout-Marniche <>
Soumis le : jeudi 5 octobre 2017 - 20:14:15
Dernière modification le : dimanche 8 octobre 2017 - 01:10:45

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Patrick Christian Even, Nachiket A Nadkarni, Catherine Chaumontet, Dalila Azzout-Marniche, Gilles Fromentin, et al.. Identification of behavioral and metabolic factors predicting adiposity sensitivity to both high fat and high carbohydrate diets in rats. Frontiers in Physiology, Frontiers, 2011, 2, pp.96. 〈10.3389/fphys.2011.00096〉. 〈hal-01611421〉

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