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De la période coloniale au développement durable: Le statut des savoirs locaux sur la nature dans la sociologie et l’anthropologie françaises

Abstract : The aim of this article will be to explore the “local knowledge” of nature, while revisiting French anthropology and sociology, two disciplines both marked by the dualism between nature and culture. The first part compares the occidental view of rural populations with colonial thoughts that appeared along with anthropology. The second part, after decolonization, retraces the emergence of a renewed vision on social change, engaging anthropology in a different way by linking the development of societies to the problematics of the links between nature and culture. Different fields of research have thus been established around traditional and local knowledge and then confirmed by societal developments and the construction of new objects of government - biodiversity, agrodiversity, deforestation, climate change, or ecosystem services - around which local populations and their knowledge of the living world are being mobilized. Such changes are part of a broader globalization process whose making, circulation and appropriation deserve to be questioned given the relative position of southern countries in an economic and scientific world which has been shaped by the west.
Mots-clés : savoirs traditionnels
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 13, 2017 - 5:55:28 PM
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Florence Pinton. De la période coloniale au développement durable: Le statut des savoirs locaux sur la nature dans la sociologie et l’anthropologie françaises. Revue d'Anthropologie des Connaissances, Société d'Anthropologie des Connaissances, 2014, 8 (2), pp.425 - 450. ⟨10.3917/rac.023.0425⟩. ⟨hal-01587191⟩

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