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Intermittent access to a sucrose solution impairs metabolism in obesity-prone but not obesity-resistant mice

Abstract : Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with overweight and obesity. In this study, we hypothesized that obesity-prone (OP) mice fed a high-fat high-sucrose diet (HFHS) are more sensitive to consumption of sucrose-sweetened water (SSW) than obesity-resistant (OR) mice. After 3 weeks of ad libitum access to the HFHS diet (7.5 h/day), 180 male mice were classified as either OP (upper quartile of body weight gain, 5.2 +/- 0.1 g, n = 45) or OR (lower quartile, 3.2 +/- 0.1 g, n = 45). OP and OR mice were subsequently divided into 3 subgroups that had access to HFHS (7.5 h/day) for 16 weeks, supplemented with: i) water (OP/water and OR/water); ii) water and SSW (12.6% w/v), available for 2 h/day randomly when access to HFHS was available and for 5 randomly-chosen days/week (OP/SSW and OR/SSW); or iii) water and SSW for 8 weeks, then only water for 8 weeks (OP/SSW-water and OR/SSW-water). OR/SSW mice decreased their food intake compared to OR/water mice, while OP/SSW mice exhibited an increase in food and total energy intake compared to OP/water mice. OP/SSW mice also gained more body weight and fat mass than OP/water mice, showed an increase in liver triglycerides and developed insulin resistance. These effects were fully reversed in OP/SSW-water mice. In the gut, OR/SSW mice, but not OP/SSW mice, had an increase GLP-1 and CCK response to a liquid meal compared to mice drinking only water. OP/SSW mice had a decreased expression of melanocortin receptor 4 in the hypothalamus and increased expression of delta opioid receptor in the nucleus accumbens compared to OP/water mice when fasted that could explain the hyperphagia in these mice. When access to the sucrose solution was removed for 8 weeks, OP mice had increased dopaminergic and opioidergic response to a sucrose solution. Thus, intermittent access to a sucrose solution in mice fed a HFHS diet induces changes in the gut and brain signaling, leading to increased energy intake and adverse metabolic consequences only in mice prone to HFHSinduced obesity. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 25, 2017 - 2:42:47 PM
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Marion Soto, Catherine Chaumontet, Charles-David Mauduit, Gilles Fromentin, Rupert Palme, et al.. Intermittent access to a sucrose solution impairs metabolism in obesity-prone but not obesity-resistant mice. Physiology & behavior, Elsevier, 2016, 154, pp.175--183. ⟨10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.11.012⟩. ⟨hal-01568613⟩



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