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Decentralization, empowerment and economic efficiency : learning from business experiences in France

Abstract : Centralisation or decentralisation in a given state, city or company is a fact which is the result of a historical process. Therefore it cannot be changed quickly and easily be it in a state, a city or a company. However, for those in charge of political decision making, centralisation or decentralisation is a philosophical choice. Promoting centralisation or decentralisation in each single decision, each implementation process, even on simple and limited issues has great consequences on the long range. France is a particularly relevant example since it has been and remains one of the most centralised country in the world although its overcentralisation has been highly controversial for decades and is still viewed by many politicians and scholars as a handicap in the globalised competitive economies of today. Despite many reforms, the public sector remains highly centralised in France and is considered as less and less relevant, effective and efficient. Conversely, since the second word war, the business community has profoundly changed its conception of administrative sciences and many French companies are decentralised nowadays. In this conference, I will emphasise the key role played by management in this transformation towards an empowerment of the bottom of the hierarchical pyramid. I will argue that the key points of a policy towards a more decentralised society are: 1/ A fair balance between autonomy and accountability. 2/ A fair and complete attribution of the means needed by the decentralised entities to reach their goal. The Saint Louis du Sénégal case study will illustrate the difficulties and complexities of the long process toward the empowerment of the poors.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 16, 2017 - 9:56:39 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01540241, version 1



Michel Villette. Decentralization, empowerment and economic efficiency : learning from business experiences in France. Marginalization, Powerty and Decentralization - KILA’s International Conference Series 5 , Kerala Institute of Local Administration (KILA), Nov 2016, KILA, Thrissur, Kerala, India. ⟨hal-01540241⟩



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