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Phenolic Compounds in a Sahelian Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Genotype (CE145–66) and Associated Soils

Maniével Sène 1 Christiane Gallet 2 Thierry Doré 1 
2 LDEA - Laboratoire de Dynamique des Ecosystèmes d'Altitude
CISM - Centre Interdisciplinaire Scientifique de la Montagne
Abstract : CE145–66 is an improved early-maturing grain sorghum genotype, increasingly grown by farmers in the Sahelian part of Senegal. This genotype is known to have negative effects on the following groundnut crop, because of the release of allelopathic phenolic compounds into the soil. We have assessed the synthesis of phenolics in sorghum vegetative parts and the variations in synthesis between years and sites. Total phenols and phenolic acids in the aerial parts and roots of flowering sorghum plants from 52 farmers' fields at two sites (Sagnanème and Médina) in Senegal in 1996 and 1997 were measured. Thirty-eight soil samples, collected after the sorghum harvest, from sorghum rows and interrows also were analyzed for their phenolic content. Total phenols reached 1.1–1.5% of root dry weight and 1.1–2.2% of aerial parts dry weight, with little variation between sites, and large variability between years, presumably due to climatic conditions. Eight phenolic acids and three associated aldehydes were identified by HPLC, with p-hydroxybenzoic, p-coumaric, and ferulic acids the most abundant. Their totals reached 2.9–3.2 mg/g in 1996 and 2.6–2.8 mg/g in 1997 for the aerial part; and 3.3–3.6 mg/g in 1996 and 2.8–3.3 mg/g in 1997 for roots. In soils under sorghum rows, the mean water-soluble total phenols increased from 4.6 in 1997 to 6.7 μg/g in 1998 in Sagnanème, and from 3.8 in 1997 to 5 μg/g in 1998 in Médina. The concentrations of total phenols and phenolic acids were higher in rows than in interrows. All the phenolic monomers identified in vegetative parts were recovered in associated soil samples, with vanillic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids the most abundant. Finally, variability in plant phenolic content seemed more due to climatic than to cropping or soil factors, as differences between years appear more important than differences between or within sites.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 12, 2016 - 1:00:37 PM
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Maniével Sène, Christiane Gallet, Thierry Doré. Phenolic Compounds in a Sahelian Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Genotype (CE145–66) and Associated Soils. Journal of Chemical Ecology, Springer Verlag, 2001, 27 (1), pp.81-92. ⟨10.1023/A:1005620000835⟩. ⟨hal-01364071⟩



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